(1) Present Tense (प्रेझेंट टेन्स ) – वर्तमान काळ [2022]

 

(1) Present Tense in marathi (प्रेझेंट टेन्स ) - वर्तमान काळ 2021

● मराठी भाषेप्रमाणे इंग्रजीत सुद्धा काळाचे मुख्य तीन प्रकार पडतात ●

1) Present Tense (प्रेझेंट टेन्स ) – वर्तमान काळ

2) Past Tense ( पास्ट टेन्स ) – भूतकाळ

3) Future Tense ( फ्युचर टेन्स ) – भविष्य काळ

 

 

पुरुषवाचक सर्वनाम | एकवचनी ( singular) | एनेकवचनी (plural)
1. ( प्रथम पुरुष ) First Person – I – we
2. ( द्वितीय पुरुष ) Second Person – You – You
3. ( तृतीय पुरुष ) Third Person – He , She , It – They

1) Present Tense (प्रेझेंट टेन्स ) – वर्तमान काळ

 

● इंग्रजी भाषेमध्ये काळाचे एकूण बारा प्रकार पडतात ●

(1) Present Tense – वर्तमान काळ

– वर्तमान काळाचे इंग्रजीत चार मुख्य प्रकार पाडतात –

( i ) Simple Present Tense ( सिम्पल प्रेझेंट टेन्स ) – साधा वर्तमान काळ

Formula :- S + V + O

उदा. ( i ) I write a letter
( ii ) He Writes a letter

Note : ( i ) कर्त्या पुढे क्रियापदाचे मूळ रूप लिहिले म्हणजे हा काळ तयार होतो .
( ii ) तृतीय पुरुषी एकवचनी कर्ता असेल तर Simple Present Tense मध्ये क्रियापदाला s किंवा es हा प्रत्यय लावावा लागतो .

Examples:- 
(i) I play a ball (ii) we play a ball (iii) You play a ball
(iv) You play a ball (v) He plays a ball (vi) She plays a ball (vii) it plays a ball (viii) They play a ball

(i) I go to school (ii) we goes to school (iii) You go to school
(iv) You go to school (v) They go to school (vi) He goes to school
(vii) She goes to school (viii) It goes to school

 

मराठी व्याकरण 

इंग्रजी व्याकरण

 

( ii ) Present Continuous Tense ( प्रेझेंट कॉन्टिन्यूअस टेन्स ) – चालू वर्तमान काळ

FORMULA : S + am/is/are + V + ing + O

उदा. ( i ) l am writing a letter
( ii ) He is writing a letter
( iii ) We are writing a letter

Examples : (i) I am going to school (ii) We are going to school
(iii) You are going to school
(iv) He is going to school
(v) She is going to school
(vi) It is going to school
(vii) They are going to school

 

( iii ) Present Perfect Tense ( प्रेझेंट परफेक्ट टेन्स ) – पूर्ण वर्तमान काळ

Formula : S + have/ has + V3 + O

उदा . ( i ) I have written a letter
( ii ) He has  written a letter

Examples :
(i) I have gone to school
(ii) We have gone to school
(iii) You have gone to school
(iv) He has gone to school
(v) She has gone to school
(vi) It has gone to school
(vii) They have gone to school

हे पण वाचा :- (Past Tense) भूतकाळ व त्याचे प्रकार

हे पण वाचा :- (Future Tense) भविष्य काळ

( iv ) Present Perfect Continuous Tense ( प्रेझेंट परफेक्ट कॉन्टिन्यूअस टेन्स ) – चालू पूर्ण वर्तमान काळ

Formula : S+have/has+been+v+ing+o

उदा . ( i ) I have been writting a letter
( ii ) He has been writting a letter

Examples :
(i) I have been going to school
(ii) We have been going to school
(iii) You have been going to school
(iv) He has been going to school
(v) She has been going to school
(vi) It has been going to school
(vii) They have been going to school

 

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